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Napoleon Bonaparte and his epoch
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Egyptian Campaign
1798 to 1801

Egyptian Campaign 1798 to 1801

The French attempt to exert influence over Egypt was due to economics, a political need to weaken Britain and the personal needs of General Napoleon Bonaparte, who saw the shadow of unemployment - and a loss of influence - looming as his armies in Italy were nearing the end of their successful struggles against Austria. Having seen the benefits of Britain's profitable colonies, France's Directory listened to Bonaparte's idea to invade Egypt, expel the ruling Mamelukes and establish a modern as he was known - then proceeded to slaughter hundreds of Christian prisoners inside the city. Bonaparte now found himself tied to a difficult siege and with enemy forces encircling his small army. Sending out strong detachments under generals Junot, Murat and Kleber, Bonaparte knew he was in some trouble. On 5 April, Junot beat off an attack near Nazareth and when Kleber was sent to reinforce him, he found his own 1500 troops facing 35,000 men under the Pasha of Damascus. The resulting battle of Mt Tabor was one of the great episodes in the annals of the French army, with Kleber holding the enemy off for 10 hours. The arrival of Bonaparte with a division of reinforcements threw the Turks into chaos and they fled. The victory at Mt Tabor did not help with the siege at Acre, which dragged on into May. The nearest Bonaparte came to capturing the city was on 8 May when General Jean Lannes led a heroic assault that penetrated the walls, only to discover that a second line of defences made going any further impossible. Lannes was almost killed in the day-long attack, the eighth unsuccessful one launched, and it forced Bonaparte to finally accept that his visions of capturing Syria would not succeed. Returning to Cairo in early June, Bonaparte then made secret plans to return to France. He still had one more battle to be fought in Egypt, however, and at Aboukir where Mustapha Pasha's 15,000 men faced Bonaparte's 10,000. The battle was decided when General Joachim Murat led the French cavalry against the enemy commander and captured him. On 22 August, Bonaparte sailed for France with his closest friends and supporters. Behind him he left his French army, under Kleber, he sailed for his home.


Ajman, 1970, Battle of Pyramids

Ajman, 1971, Bonaparte in Jaffa

Ajman, 1971, Arrival HMS Northumbland on St. Helena

Ajman, 1973, Battle of Pyramids

Anguilla, 1981, Nelson's Ships

Barbuda, 1975, French ship LOrient burning

Belize. Cayes of Belize, 1985, The Battle of the Nile: Destruction of 'L'Orient'

Comoren Islands, 2009, Napoleon Bonaparte

Cuba, 1981, Napoleon in Egypt

Cuba, 2001, Battle of Abukir

Dominica, 2005, The LOrient explodes

Ecuador, 1989, French Revolution

Equatorial Guinea, 1977, Battle of Pyramids

France, 1972, Egyptian Expedition

Fujeira, 1970, Battle of Pyramids

Fujeira, 1970, Bonaparte in Jaffa

Gambia, 2001, Battle of the Nile

Ghana, 2006, HMS Goliath firing on Guerrier

Ghana, 2006, Nelson's flagships

Gibraltar, 1974, Royal Sussex Regiment

Gibraltar, 1976, Northamptonshire Regiment

Gibraltar, 1998, Dog Nileus

Gibraltar, 1998, Admiral Lord Nelson

Gibraltar, 1998, Frances Nisbet, Lady Nelson

Gibraltar, 1998, HMS Vanguard

Gibraltar, 1998, Battle of the Nile

Gibraltar, 2005, Death of Nelson

Gibraltar, 2008, HMS Vanguard

Great Britain, 2005, Admiral Nelson

Grenada, 2005, After the Battle of the Nile

Grenada Grenadines, 2001, Blowing up of the french Flagship LOrient

Grenada Grenadines, 2005, Blowing up of the french Flagship LOrient

Grenada Grenadines, 2005, Battle of the Nile

Grenada Grenadines, 2005, Aristide-Aubert Dupetit-Thouars

Guernsey, 1986, Battle of the Nile. 1798

Guernsey, 1986, Battle of St. Vincent. 1797

Isle of Man, 2005, Battle of Nile; battle of Copenhagen

Liberia, 2005, Nelson's Ships

Maldives, 2000, Napoleon in Egypt

Malta, 1965, French occupation of Malta

Malta, 1998, French siege of Malta

Malta, 1998, French Landing at Malta

Malta, 1999, Heroes of Malta

Malta, 2006, Guillaume Tell

Malta, 2009, French period

Manama, 1972, Battle of Pyramids

Micronesia, 2005, Blowing up of the french Flagship LOrient

Montserrat, 2005, Napoleon; Nelson; Battles of Nile and Trafalgar

Mozambique, 2009, Napoleon

Niger, 1969, Bonaparte in Jaffa

Ras al-Khaima, 1970, Enter of general Bonapart to Alexandria

Ras al-Khaima, 1972, Blowing up of the french Flagship LOrient

Sharjah, 1970, Battle of Pyramids

Sharjah, 1970, Battle of Pyramids

Sierra Leone, 2005, Battle of Nile

Solomon Islands, 1973, HMS Alexander

St. Kitts, 1980, HMS Vanguard, ship of Nelson

Tanzania, 1999, HMS Leander at the Nile

Umm al Quiwain, 1972, Bonaparte in Jaffa

France, Paris, post office on rue dAboukir

France, 1972.10.11, Paris. French Scientist in Egypt

France, 1973.05.1920, Toulon. Napoleon

France, 1998.10.05, Saint-Maxime. Napoleon, Piramides

France, 1999.09.17, Saint-Raphael. Napoleon, Piramides

Gibraltar, 1998.08.01., Gibraltar. Nelson's Hat

2003-2020 Dmitry Karasyuk. Idea, preparation, drawing up
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