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Repúblic de Moçambique

Repúblic de Moçambique

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique or República de Moçambique), is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. The capital and largest city is Maputo (previously called Lourenço Marques before independence).

Between the 1st and 5th centuries AD, Bantu-speaking peoples migrated from farther north and west. Swahili, and later also Arab, commercial ports existed along the coasts until the arrival of Europeans. The area was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal from 1505. After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence in 1975, becoming the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly thereafter. After only two years of independence, the country descended into an intense and protracted civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections and has remained a relatively stable presidential republic since.

Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country's economy is based largely on agriculture, but with industry, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing, aluminium and petroleum production, is growing. The country's tourism sector is also growing. South Africa is Mozambique's main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment. Portugal, Brazil, Spain and Belgium are also among the country's most important economic partners. Since 2001, Mozambique's annual average GDP growth has been among the world's highest. However, the country ranks among the lowest in GDP per capita, human development, measures of inequality, and average life expectancy.

The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half of the population. Common native languages include Swahili, Makhuwa, and Sena. The country's population of around 24 million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people. The largest religion in Mozambique is Christianity, with significant minorities following Islam and African traditional religions. Mozambique is a member of the African Union, Commonwealth of Nations, the Community of Portuguese.


1924, Overprint Vasco da Gama 1924

1938, Vasco da Gama

1938, Vasco da Gama

1938, Vasco da Gama

1938, Vasco da Gama

1938, Vasco da Gama

1938, Afonso de Albuquerque

1938, Afonso de Albuquerque

1963, Statue of Vasco da Gama in Mozambique

1963, Sao Gabriel

1968, Erecting the Cross at Porto Sequro

1968, First mission service in Brazil

1968, Church of Grace, Santarem

1969, Route Map of Da Gama's Voyage

2002, Vasco da Gama

2002, Vasco da Gama

2009, Viking Longship

2010, Bacchus

2010, Sick Bacchus

2010, Some Like it Hot

2010, North by Northwest

2010, Dial M for Murder

2011, Supper at Emmaus

2011, Sick Bacchus

2012, François Truffaut as Claude Lacombe

2012, Some Like it Hot

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