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Wilde Oscar

Wilde Oscar (18541900)

Irish author and wit, b. Dublin. He is most famous for his sophisticated, brilliantly witty plays, which were the first since the comedies of Sheridan and Goldsmith to have both dramatic and literary merit. He studied at Trinity College, Dublin, and at Magdalen College, Oxford, where he distinguished himself for his scholarship and wit, and also for his elegant eccentricity in dress, tastes, and manners. Influenced by the aesthetic teachings of Walter Pater and John Ruskin, Wilde became the center of a group glorifying beauty for itself alone, and he was famously satirized (with other exponents of art for arts sake) in Punch and in Gilbert and Sullivans operetta Patience. His first published work, Poems (1881), was well received. The next year he lectured to great acclaim in the United States, where his drama Vera (1883) was produced. In 1884 he married Constance Lloyd, and they had two sons, Cyril and Vyvyan.

Later he began writing for and editing periodicals, but his active literary career began with the publication of Lord Arthur Saviles Crime and Other Stories (1891) and two collections of fairy tales, The Happy Prince (1888) and The House of Pomegranates (1892). In 1891 his novel Picture of Dorian Gray appeared. A tale of horror, it depicts the corruption of a beautiful young man pursuing an ideal of sensual indulgence and moral indifference; although he himself remains young and handsome, his portrait becomes ugly, reflecting his degeneration.

Wildes stories and essays were well received, but his creative genius found its highest expression in his playsLady Windermeres Fan (1892), A Woman of No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895), and his masterpiece, The Importance of Being Earnest (1895), which were all extremely clever and filled with pithy epigrams and paradoxes. Wilde explained away their lack of depth by saying that he put his genius into his life and only his talent into his books. He also wrote two historical tragedies, The Duchess of Padua (1892) and Salomé (1893).

In 1891, Wilde met and quite soon became intimate with the considerably younger, handsome, and dissolute Lord Alfred Douglas (nicknamed Bosie). Soon the marquess of Queensberry, Douglass father, began railing against Wilde and later wrote him a note accusing him of homosexual practices. Foolishly, Wilde brought action for libel against the marquess and was himself charged with homosexual offenses under the Criminal Law Amendment, found guilty, and sentenced (1895) to prison for two years. His experiences in jail inspired his most famous poem, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), and the apology published by his literary executor as De Profundis (1905). Released from prison in 1897, Wilde found himself a complete social outcast in England and, plagued by ill health and bankruptcy, lived in France under an assumed name until his death.

German Federal Republic, 1999, Strauss and poster of Salome

Great Britain, 2007, Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band

Irland, 1980, Oscar Wilde

Irland, 2000, Oscar Wilde

Irland, 2000, Happy Prince

Irland, 2000, The Importance of Being Earnest

Irland, 2000, Dorian Gray

Irland, 2000, Oscar Wilde

Irland, 2000, Oscar Wilde

Irland, 2010, The Happy Prince

Micronesia, 2001, Oscar Wilde

Monaco, 1979, Salome (R. Strauss)

Norway, 1999, An Ideal Hasband

San-Marino, 2004, Oscar Wilde

Sao Tome e Principe, 2008, Oscar Wilde, Aleksander Pushkin

Sao Tome e Principe, 2010, Oscar Wilde, Edgar A. Poe

Serbia, 2007, Rahela Ferari as Lady Markel

Serbia, 2007, Branko Plesa in An Ideal Husband

Monaco, 1993.05.13, Monte Carlo. Oscar Wilde

USSR, 1984.06.05, Tabidze monument in Batumi


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