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Hemingway Ernest
(18991961)

Hemingway Ernest(18991961)

American novelist and short-story writer, b. Oak Park, Ill. one of the great American writers of the 20th cent.

The son of a country doctor, Hemingway worked as a reporter for the Kansas City Star after graduating from high school in 1917. During World War I he served as an ambulance driver in France and in the Italian infantry and was wounded just before his 19th birthday. Later, while working in Paris as a correspondent for the Toronto Star, he became involved with the expatriate literary and artistic circle surrounding Gertrude Stein. During the Spanish Civil War, Hemingway served as a correspondent on the loyalist side. He fought in World War II and then settled in Cuba in 1945. In 1954, Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. After his expulsion from Cuba by the Castro regime, he moved to Idaho. He was increasingly plagued by ill health and mental problems, and in July, 1961, he committed suicide by shooting himself.

Hemingways fiction usually focuses on people living essential, dangerous livessoldiers, fishermen, athletes, bullfighterswho meet the pain and difficulty of their existence with stoic courage. His celebrated literary style, influenced by Ezra Pound and Gertrude Stein, is direct, terse, and often monotonous, yet particularly suited to his elemental subject matter.
Hemingways first books, Three Stories and Ten Poems (1923), In Our Time (short stories, 1924), and The Torrents of Spring (a novel, 1926), attracted attention primarily because of his literary style. With the publication of The Sun Also Rises (1926), he was recognized as the spokesman of the lost generation (so called by Gertrude Stein). The novel concerns a group of psychologically bruised, disillusioned expatriates living in postwar Paris, who take psychic refuge in such immediate physical activities as eating, drinking, traveling, brawling, and lovemaking.

His next important novel, A Farewell to Arms (1929), tells of a tragic wartime love affair between an ambulance driver and an English nurse. Hemingway also published such volumes of short stories as Men without Women (1927) and Winner Take Nothing (1933), as well as The Fifth Column, a play. His First Forty-nine Stories (1938) includes such famous short stories as The Killers, The Undefeated, and The Snows of Kilimanjaro. Hemingways nonfiction works, Death in the Afternoon (1932), about bullfighting, and Green Hills of Africa (1935), about big-game hunting, glorify virility, bravery, and the virtue of a primal challenge to life.

From his experience in the Spanish Civil War came Hemingways great novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), which, in detailing an incident in the war, argues for human brotherhood. His novella The Old Man and the Sea (1952) celebrates the indomitable courage of an aged Cuban fisherman. Among Hemingways other works are the novels To Have and Have Not (1937) and Across the River and into the Trees (1950); he also edited an anthology of stories, Men at War (1942). Posthumous publications include A Moveable Feast (1964), a memoir of Paris in the 1920s; the novels Islands in the Stream (1970) and True at First Light (1999), a safari saga begun in 1954 and edited by his son Patrick; and The Nick Adams Stories (1972), a collection that includes previously unpublished pieces.


Canada, 2008, Albert Camus, Ernest Hemingway & Elie Wiesel

Central African Republic, 1977, Ernest Hemingway

Comoren Islands, 1977, Nobel prize winners

Cuba, 1963, Ernest Hemingway and The Old Man and the Sea

Cuba, 1963, Hemingway and For Whom the Bell Tolls

Cuba, 1963, Ernest Hemingway and his house

Cuba, 1999, Ernest Hemingway

Cuba, 2010, Ernest Hemmingway

Cuba, 2010, Rod and Vessel

Cuba, 2010, Marlin

Cuba, 2010, Trophy

Czechoslovakia, 1968, Ernest Hemingway

Grenada Grenadines, 1995, To Have and Have Not

Guinea, 2007, Robert Mathias, Hemingway

Guinea, 2008, Pulitzer Prize Winners

Guinea, 2010, Esrnest Hemingway

Guinea Bissau, 1977, Ernest Hemingway

Macedonia, 2001, Nobel, Names of writers

Macedonia, 2011, Ernest Hemingway

Mozambique, 2002, Ernest Hemingway

Mozambique, 2011, Writers

Mozambique, 2011, Writers

Paraguay, 1977, Ernest Hemingway

Paraguay, 1977, Medal of Nobel prize of Literature

Sweden, 1990, Ernest Hemingway

Uganda, 1995, Ernest Hemingway

USA, 1989, Ernest Hemingway

Vietnam, 2011, Ernest Hemingway

Macedonia, 1999.07.29, Skopje. Ernest Hemingway

Macedonia, 2011.10.11, Skopje. Ernest Hemingway

Spain, 1999.07.0614, Pamplona. Ernest Hemingway

Vietnam, 2011.07.02, Hanoi. Ernest Hemingway

USSR, 1989, Ernest Hemingway

Cuba, 1999, Ernest Hemmingway

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