The directory «Plots»
American novelist and short-story writer, b. Oak Park, Ill. one of the great American writers of the 20th cent.
The son of a country doctor, Hemingway worked as a reporter for the Kansas City Star after graduating from high school in 1917. During World War I he served as an ambulance driver in France and in the Italian infantry and was wounded just before his 19th birthday. Later, while working in Paris as a correspondent for the Toronto Star, he became involved with the expatriate literary and artistic circle surrounding Gertrude Stein. During the Spanish Civil War, Hemingway served as a correspondent on the loyalist side. He fought in World War II and then settled in Cuba in 1945. In 1954, Hemingway was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. After his expulsion from Cuba by the Castro regime, he moved to Idaho. He was increasingly plagued by ill health and mental problems, and in July, 1961, he committed suicide by shooting himself.
Hemingway’s fiction usually focuses on people living essential, dangerous lives—soldiers, fishermen, athletes, bullfighters—who meet the pain and difficulty of their existence with stoic courage. His celebrated literary style, influenced by Ezra Pound and Gertrude Stein, is direct, terse, and often monotonous, yet particularly suited to his elemental subject matter.
Hemingway’s first books, Three Stories and Ten Poems (1923), In Our Time (short stories, 1924), and The Torrents of Spring (a novel, 1926), attracted attention primarily because of his literary style. With the publication of The Sun Also Rises (1926), he was recognized as the spokesman of the “lost generation” (so called by Gertrude Stein). The novel concerns a group of psychologically bruised, disillusioned expatriates living in postwar Paris, who take psychic refuge in such immediate physical activities as eating, drinking, traveling, brawling, and lovemaking.
His next important novel, A Farewell to Arms (1929), tells of a tragic wartime love affair between an ambulance driver and an English nurse. Hemingway also published such volumes of short stories as Men without Women (1927) and Winner Take Nothing (1933), as well as The Fifth Column, a play. His First Forty-nine Stories (1938) includes such famous short stories as “The Killers,” “The Undefeated,” and “The Snows of Kilimanjaro.” Hemingway’s nonfiction works, Death in the Afternoon (1932), about bullfighting, and Green Hills of Africa (1935), about big-game hunting, glorify virility, bravery, and the virtue of a primal challenge to life.
From his experience in the Spanish Civil War came Hemingway’s great novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), which, in detailing an incident in the war, argues for human brotherhood. His novella The Old Man and the Sea (1952) celebrates the indomitable courage of an aged Cuban fisherman. Among Hemingway’s other works are the novels To Have and Have Not (1937) and Across the River and into the Trees (1950); he also edited an anthology of stories, Men at War (1942). Posthumous publications include A Moveable Feast (1964), a memoir of Paris in the 1920s; the novels Islands in the Stream (1970) and True at First Light (1999), a safari saga begun in 1954 and edited by his son Patrick; and The Nick Adams Stories (1972), a collection that includes previously unpublished pieces.
Canada, 2008, Albert Camus, Ernest Hemingway & Elie Wiesel
Central African Republic, 1977, Ernest Hemingway
Comoren Islands, 1977, Nobel prize winners
Cuba, 1963, Ernest Hemingway and «The Old Man and the Sea»
Cuba, 1963, Hemingway and «For Whom the Bell Tolls»
Cuba, 1963, Ernest Hemingway and his house
Cuba, 1999, Ernest Hemingway
Cuba, 2010, Ernest Hemmingway
Cuba, 2010, Rod and Vessel
Cuba, 2010, Marlin
Cuba, 2010, Trophy
Czechoslovakia, 1968, Ernest Hemingway
Grenada Grenadines, 1995, To Have and Have Not
Guinea, 2007, Robert Mathias, Hemingway
Guinea, 2008, Pulitzer Prize Winners
Guinea, 2010, Esrnest Hemingway
Guinea Bissau, 1977, Ernest Hemingway
Macedonia, 2001, Nobel, Names of writers
Macedonia, 2011, Ernest Hemingway
Mozambique, 2002, Ernest Hemingway
Mozambique, 2011, Writers
Mozambique, 2011, Writers
Paraguay, 1977, Ernest Hemingway
Paraguay, 1977, Medal of Nobel prize of Literature
Sweden, 1990, Ernest Hemingway
Uganda, 1995, Ernest Hemingway
USA, 1989, Ernest Hemingway
Vietnam, 2011, Ernest Hemingway
Macedonia, 1999.07.29, Skopje. Ernest Hemingway
Macedonia, 2011.10.11, Skopje. Ernest Hemingway
Spain, 1999.07.06—14, Pamplona. Ernest Hemingway
Vietnam, 2011.07.02, Hanoi. Ernest Hemingway
USSR, 1989, Ernest Hemingway
Cuba, 1999, Ernest Hemmingway