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Gaidar (√айдар) Arkady Petrovich
Books for children

Gaidar (√айдар) Arkady Petrovich  (1904Ч1941) Books for children

Arkady Golikov, better known as Arkady Gaidar, was a Soviet writer, whose stories were very popular among Soviet children.

He was born in Lgov town, Imperial Russia (now in Kursk Oblast, Russia), to a family of a teacher. His childhood Gaidar spent in Arzamas. In 1918, he volunteered for the Red Army. During the Russian Civil War, he was made a commander of a regiment at the age of 16. Gaidar was wounded in combat on several occasions. He retired from the army in 1924 due to a contusion. A year later, Gaidar began publishing his literary works. His story "RVS" (1926) defined his further life in many respects: Gaidar found his vocation in children's literature by telling stories of front-line comradery and romanticism of revolutionary struggle. A story "Timur and his squad" (1940) made Gaidar famous. The character Timur was named after and partially based on Gaidar's son. A captivating account of an altruistic pioneer enterprise gave birth to a mass Timur movement among Young Pioneers and other children all over the Soviet Union.

In the first days of the Great Patriotic War, Gaidar was sent to the front as a special correspondent for Komsomolskaya Pravda. In the fall of 1941, Gaidar and other soldiers were surrounded by the Nazi troops. He joined the partisans and became a machine gunner. On October 26, Gaidar died in combat.

He was buried in a town of Kanev, where a monument to him was built in 1953. Gaidar was awarded two orders and several medals.

Three biographical movies about Arkady Gaidar were released in the USSR:Serebryanye truby (1970), Konets imperatora taygi (1978) and Ostayus s vami (Leaving with you in English, 1981, it's about Arkady Gaidar's last days). And also a number of films was made based on his stories. GaidarТs books are translated into many languages.

Russian economist Yegor Gaidar is Arkady Gaidar's grandson.

USSR, 1962, Arkady Gaidar

USSR, 1964, Arkady Gaidar

USSR, 1984.01.22, Arzamas. 80th Birth Anniv of Gaydar

Russia, 2003, Arkady Gaydar

USSR, 1969, Gaydar museum in Kanev

USSR, 1973, Gaydar museum in Kanev

USSR, 1978, Gaidar monument in Arzamas

USSR, 1978, Arkady Gaydar

USSR, 1983, Arkady Gaydar


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