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Repúblic de Moçambique

Repúblic de Moçambique

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique or República de Moçambique), is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. The capital and largest city is Maputo (previously called Lourenço Marques before independence).

Between the 1st and 5th centuries AD, Bantu-speaking peoples migrated from farther north and west. Swahili, and later also Arab, commercial ports existed along the coasts until the arrival of Europeans. The area was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal from 1505. After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence in 1975, becoming the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly thereafter. After only two years of independence, the country descended into an intense and protracted civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections and has remained a relatively stable presidential republic since.

Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country's economy is based largely on agriculture, but with industry, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing, aluminium and petroleum production, is growing. The country's tourism sector is also growing. South Africa is Mozambique's main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment. Portugal, Brazil, Spain and Belgium are also among the country's most important economic partners. Since 2001, Mozambique's annual average GDP growth has been among the world's highest. However, the country ranks among the lowest in GDP per capita, human development, measures of inequality, and average life expectancy.

The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half of the population. Common native languages include Swahili, Makhuwa, and Sena. The country's population of around 24 million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people. The largest religion in Mozambique is Christianity, with significant minorities following Islam and African traditional religions. Mozambique is a member of the African Union, Commonwealth of Nations, the Community of Portuguese.

1969, Luis de Camoes

1969, Ship Nau (1553)

1969, Map of Mozambik

1969, Cathedral Notre-Dam de Baluarte

1969, Lusiad

1972, Mozambik Island

2002, Ernest Hemingway

2002, Albert Camus

2002, Pavarotti in Tosca

2002, Victor Hugo

2010, Vertigo

2010, Rear Window

2010, Rebecca

2010, The Birds

2010, Psycho, The Birds

2011, Writers

2011, Writers

2011, Lev Tolstoy (Ilya Repin)

2012, Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist

2012, Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist

2012, Rousseau, Voltaire, Diderot

2012, Rousseau, statue of Diderot

2012, Friedrich the Great and Voltaire

2012, Goethe and Beethoven

2012, Works of Alexandre Dumas

2012, Alexandre Dumas, Edmond Dantes

2012, The president of Republic-Prince frees Abd el Kader

2012, Films of Miloš Forman

2012, One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest

2012, François Truffaut, Jules and Jim

2012, Goethe and Gary Oldman as Beethoven


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