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Vikings

Vikings

Scandinavian warriors who raided the coasts of Europe and the British Isles from the 9th cent. to the 11th cent. During the Neolithic period the Scandinavians had lived in small autonomous communities as farmers, fishermen, and hunters. At the beginning of the Viking Age they were the best shipbuilders and sailors in the world; they later ventured as far as Greenland and North America. At the height of the Viking Age, the typical Viking warship, the long ship, had a high prow, adorned with the figure of an animal, and a high stern. It seated up to 30 oarsmen and had an average crew of 90. Its square sails were perpendicularly striped in many colors, and the entire ship was vividly painted and elaborately carved. On both sides of the ship hung a row of painted round shields. This is the most familiar Viking ship; the many other types varied according to purpose and period. Among the causes that drove the Vikings from their lands were overpopulation, internal dissension, quest for trade, and thirst for adventure. Many local kingdoms came into existence in Scandinavia, and from them stemmed the kingdoms of Norway, Denmark, and Sweden. The Vikings religion was paganism of the Germanic type; their mythological and heroic legends form the content of Old Norse literature. The Viking Age ended with the introduction of Christianity into Scandinavia, with the emergence of the three great Scandinavian kingdoms, and with the rise of European states capable of defending themselves against further invasions. Many Vikings settled where they had raided. The Scandinavian raiders in Russia were known as Varangians; their leader Rurik founded the first Russian state. Elsewhere the Vikings came to be known as Danes, Northmen, Norsemen, or Normans.


Åland Islands, 2000, Vikings

Ajman, 1973, Viking ship

Ajman, 1973, Viking ship

Burundi, 2012, Viking's war ship

Cambodge, 1998, Viking ship

Denmark, 1969, Viking Longships

Denmark, 1969, Viking Longships

Denmark, 1970, Viking Longship

Denmark, 1976, Viking Longship Skuldelev 1

Denmark, 1993, Prow of Viking Ship

Denmark, 1998, Viking Longship and Roskilde Cathedral

Denmark, 2004, Skudelev 2

Denmark, 2004, Skudelev 2

Denmark, 2004, Skudelev 2 at exibition

Denmark, 2004, Skudelev 2

Denmark. Faroe Islands, 1982, Map of Viking Voyages in America

Denmark. Faroe Islands, 2002, Viking Voyages

Denmark. Faroe Islands, 2005, Vikings

Denmark. Faroe Islands, 2006, Vikings

Estonia, 1919, Viking Longship

Estonia, 1919, Viking Longship

Estonia, 1920/1922, Viking Longship

Estonia, 1920/1922, Viking Longship

Estonia, 2003, Warships and coins

Estonia, 2006, Costums from Vikings (opera by Evald Aav)

Finland, 1969, Viking Ships

France, 1978, Viking Longship

France, 1994, Viking Longships

France, 1994, Viking Longships

Fujeira, 1968, Viking ship

Gambia, 1998, Viking ship

Greenland, 1999, Viking Longship

Grenada, 1998, Viking ship

Grenada, 2001, Oseberg Viking Longship

Guernsey, 1982, Norman Fleet

Guernsey, 1987, Norman Soldiers

Guinea, 2000, Viking longship

Guinea, 2002, Viking longship

Guinea, 2011, Vikings

Guinea Bissau, 1981, Eric the Red

Guyana, 1998, Viking ship

Iceland, 1930, Viking ship

Iceland, 1930, The Dash for Thing

Iceland, 1930, Viking sacrifice to Thor

Iceland, 1969, Viking Longships

Iceland, 1969, Viking Longships

Iceland, 2000, Vikings

Iceland, 2003, Viking ship and Crow

Iceland, 2005, Brooch, Sword and Thor

Irland, 2002, Leading fleet

Irland, 2007, Skudelev 2

Irland, 2007, Havhingsten fra Clendalough

Isle of Man, 1973, Viking Longship

Isle of Man, 1973, Vikings Landing of Man

Isle of Man, 1974, King Magnus and Norse Fleet

Isle of Man, 1978, Viking

Isle of Man, 1979, Viking Raid at Garwick

Isle of Man, 1979, Odin's Raven

Isle of Man, 1979/1980, Viking Longship Emblem

Isle of Man, 1983, Vikings Landing of Man

Isle of Man, 1986, Viking Longship Model

Isle of Man, 1986, Viking Longship

Isle of Man, 1998, Viking Figurehead

Isle of Man, 1998, Viking Longship at Sea

Isle of Man, 1998, Viking Longship on Beach

Isle of Man, 1998, Stern of Ship

Isle of Man, 1998, Viking Ship at Peel Castle

Isle of Man, 2004, Celtic Islanders and Viking Invaders

Isle of Man, 2004, Celtic Islanders and Viking Invaders

Isle of Man, 2008, The Burial of Viking warrior

Isle of Man, 2008, Gautr Bjornsson makes a memorial stone

Isle of Man, 2008, Coming of Christianity

Jersey, 2000, Viking Longship

Korea Nord, 1979, Girl with Toy Viking ship

Libya, 1983, Viking ship

Lithuania, 2002, Viking ship

Mali, 1994, Kirk Douglas in The Vikings

Marshall Islands, 1998, Viking longship

Marshall Islands, 2005, Viking Longship

Mauritius, 2005, Viking Longship

Mauritius, 2005, Viking Longship

Monaco, 1982, Viking Longship off Greenland

Mozambique, 2009, Viking Longship

Norway, 1942, Viking fleet

Norway, 1943, Viking on Soldier's Emplem

Norway, 1946, Pilots and Viking

Norway, 1960, Viking longship

Norway, 1969, Viking ships

Norway, 1969, Viking ships

Norway, 1972, Figurehead of Viking ship

Norway, 1972, Sword-hit

Norway, 2004, Ship's Prow and Barrels

Palau, 2000, Viking Diver

Poland, 1963, Viking ship

Qatar, 1967, Viking ship

San-Marino, 1963, Viking longship

Sao Tome e Principe, 1982, Leif Ericson, Viking longship

Sierra Leone, 1996, Drakkar, 9th cent

Sierra Leone, 1998, Drakkar, 6th cent

Sweden, 1969, Viking Ships

Sweden, 1969, Viking Ships

Sweden, 1973/1977, Viking Longship

Sweden, 1975/1976, Bronze Helmet Decoration

Sweden, 1975/1976, Iron Sword hit

Sweden, 1975/1976, Iron Shield buckle

Sweden, 1975/1976, Iron Helmet

Sweden, 1990, Carved Bone Head and Cast Dragon Head

Sweden, 1990, Returning Viking longships

Sweden, 1990, Viking swords

Tanzania, 1991, Letter V Vikings

Togo, 1968, Viking Longship and Portuguese Galleon

Togo, 1968, Viking Longship and Portuguese Galleon

Togo, 1999, Vikings reach North America

Togo, 2000, Viking Longship

Turks & Caicos, 2001, Viking longship

Ukraine, 2003, Warships and coins

Umm al Quiwain, 1972, Erik the Red, Viking longboat

USA, 1924, Viking ship

USSR, 1974, Guests from Overseas

France, 1997.09.13, Saint-Jean-de-Luz. Basque Cosairs

Greenland, 1982.08.02, Julianehåb. Ship figure

Greenland, 1999.08.13, Tasilaq. Viking Ship

Isle of Man, 1979.05.21, Isle of Man. Viking Longship

Isle of Man, 1979.10.19, Douglas. Odin's Raven

Isle of Man, 2008.02.18, Douglas. Vikings

France, 2005, Viking is reading comic book

France, 2005, Viking ships

France, 2009, Festival of books and comics

USSR, 1974, Nikolay Roerich, Guests from Overseas

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