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Scott Walter

Scott Walter (17711832)

Scottish novelist and poet, b. Edinburgh. He is considered the father of both the regional and the historical novel.
After an apprenticeship in his fathers law office Scott was admitted (1792) to the bar. In 1799 he was made sheriff-deputy of Selkirkshire. His first published works (1796) were translations of two German ballads by Bürger, followed by a translation (1799) of Goethes Götz von Berlichingen. Scotts Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border (2 vol., 1802; enl. ed., 3 vol., 1803) was an impressive collection of old ballads with introductions and notes. The Lay of the Last Minstrel, his first major poem, appeared in 1805 and was followed by Marmion (1808) and The Lady of the Lake (1810). In 1812 Scott received a court clerkship that assured him a moderate, steady income.
His first novel, Waverley (1814), was an immediate success. There followed the Waverley novelsromances of Scottish life that reveal Scotts great storytelling gift and his talent for vivid characterization. They include Guy Mannering (1815), The Antiquary (1816), The Black Dwarf (1816), Old Mortality (1816), Rob Roy (1818), The Heart of Midlothian (1818), The Bride of Lammermoor (1819), and The Legend of Montrose (1819).
Ivanhoe (1820), Scotts first prose reconstruction of a time long past, is a complicated romance set in 12th-century England. His public acclaim grew, and in 1820 Scott was made a baronet. Most of his following novels were of the Ivanhoe style of reconstructed history. They include The Monastery (1820), The Abbot (1820), Kenilworth (1821), The Pirate (1822), The Fortunes of Nigel (1822), Peveril of the Peak (1822), Quentin Durward (1823), The Betrothed (1825), and The Talisman (1825). With St. Ronans Well (1824), Scott abandoned the historical style and attempted a novel of manners, but in Redgauntlet (1824) he reverted to the background and treatment of his early novels.
In 1825 Scott was ruined financially. He had assumed responsibility for the Ballantyne printing firm in 1813 (previously, for a brief time, he had run it as a publishing house), and subsequently he had met Ballantynes expenses out of advances from his publishers, Constable and Company. In 1825 an English depression brought ruin to both Constable and Ballantynes. Refusing to go through bankruptcy, Scott assigned to a trust his property and income in excess of his official salary and set out to pay his debt and much of Constables.
The next few years work included Woodstock (1826), a life of Napoleon (1827), Chronicles of the Canongate (1827), The Fair Maid of Perth (1828), and Anne of Geierstein (1829). Scotts health began to fail in 1830. After finishing (1831) Count Robert of Paris and Castle Dangerous, he went abroad, returning to Abbotsford, his estate, in 1832, the year of his death. The remainder of the debt he had assumed was paid from the earnings of his books.
Scotts narrative poems introduced a form of verse tale that won great popularity; his lyrics and ballads, such as Lochinvar and Proud Maisie, are masterly in feeling and technique. He was a very prolific and popular novelist. Although his fictional heroes now seem wooden and his plots mechanical, Scott excelled in recreating the spirit of great historical events and in painting realistic pictures of Scottish life.

Cuba, 1987, Sir Walter Scott

Gambia, 1996, The Abduction of Rebekka

Great Britain, 1971, Walter Scott

Great Britain, 1989, Walter Scott

Great Britain, 2006, Bust of Walter Scott

Great Britain. Bernera, 1979, Walter Scott

Grenada, 1998, The Assassination of Bishop of Liege

Guinea, 2011, Ivanhoe

Guinea, 2012, Ivanhoe

Guinea Bissau, 2010, Elizabeth Taylor, Ivanhoe

Irland, 1984, Mcormack as Edgardo

Liberia, 2001, Rob Roy

Malta, 1990, Walter Scott

San-Marino, 1999, Lucia di Lammermoor

St. Vincent, 1997, Lucia de Lammermoor, I Puritani

USA, 1984, Mcormack as Edgardo

USA, 1997, Lily Pons as Lucia

Great Britain, 1971.07.28, Edinburgh. Walter Scott

Great Britain, 1971.07.28, Melrose. Walter Scott

Great Britain, 1971.08.15, Melrose. Walter Scott

Great Britain, 1975, Scott Monument in Edinburgh

Great Britain, 1989, Portraits of Walter Scott and Robert Louis Stevenson


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